A Geographical Indication (GI) tag is a sign/mark allotted to an artefact or a commodity that originates in a particular region and has its own unique identity. A GI right empowers the bearer to restrict the indication from being used by any other person whose quality does not meet the required criteria. In India, Geographical Indication tags are governed under Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
Kashmir Saffron
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Saffron is renowned globally as a spice which is used in medicines and cosmetic products. It is believed that the Saffron was first cultivated in Kashmir by Central Asians around 1st Century BCE. It has also been mentioned in ancient Sanskrit texts and Saffron was referred as “Bahukam”.
Recently, Kashmir Saffron which is generally harvested in Karewa village of Jammu and Kashmir has been given Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indication Registry of India. Saffron is also grown in Budgam, Pulwama, Kishtwar and Srinagar districts of Jammu and Kashmir. Out of which Pampore village in Pulwama is known as the Kashmir’s “Saffron town” as the best quality of Saffron is cultivated here. The GI application was filed by the Directorate of Agriculture, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, and initiated by the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences and Technology, Kashmir, and Saffron Research Station.
Kashmir specialises in three type of Saffron namely “Lachha Saffron”, “Mogra Saffron” and “Guchhi Saffron”. Kashmir Saffron has been associated with its natural deep-red colour, high aroma, chemical-free processing, and high quantity of colouring strength along with its flavour and bitterness which makes it unique from all other saffron. Saffron farming employs 30,000 families in the area.
Manipuri Black Rice
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Manipuri Black rice is known for all over the globe for high nutrient value. The Black rice is used in various traditional medicines along with that it has a unique gluten-free nature. The Black rice of Manipur is called by different names in different regions of the state such as Chak-Hao, Gorakhpur Terracotta and Kadalai Mittai of Kovilpatti. The GI application was filed by the Consortium of Producers of Chakhao (Black Rice), Manipur and initiated by the Department of Agriculture, Government of Manipur and the North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited.
Black rice harvesting is unique as it has deep black colour and is generally higher in weight due to anthocyanin agent. Black rice is mostly used for preparing desserts or porridge. The Black rice farming has been continued by the farmers over ages and is characterised by its special aroma.


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